From my childhood, I have always been fascinated by travel literature. So, when a few of us decided to create a list of must-read Odia books across genres, I insisted and ensured that we include travel literature as a separate genre. That was the easier part. When we actually started, I did not have any name beyond Dura Durantara by Manoj Das, and Deshe Deshe by Barrister Gobind Das to add—to the list of the must-read books. Many wondered if there would be even be 50 travel books in Odia!
That is how the idea of compiling a list of such books started. Having read a couple of dozens of such books myself, I was more than sure that the list would be much longer. I approached noted writer, educationist and scholar Dr Subhendu Mund, with whom I had some interaction on email earlier, to seek his advice and guidance. He confirmed that there are indeed hundreds of such books and encouraged me to go ahead in creating the list.
Once I started, I realized that to make it really usable in future and providing some value to researchers, I need to add a few more basic information, such as name of the publishers and the year of first publication. To make it a little more fun, the journalist in me added one more parameter: the geography (travel destination) covered in a particular book. Thus continued my journey of creating what a friend in academics termed as “a bibliographic index of travel writing in Odia.” Sounds heavy? To me, it does, for sure. But let’s not bother about the nomenclature too much.
Today, after about a year, in which I have devoted my free time to search for such books, I have more than 150 names (158 to be precise). The sources of information have been
- Secondary research on Internet including library searches
- Articles/research papers/proceedings of some seminars
- Search in various libraries in Odisha (limited, because of physical limitations of being outside)
- Catalogues of major publishers
- Friends and acquaintances on social media
This has become, for me, a continuing exercises. I have, in the course of this one year, learnt a lot about such books; bought and read a few such books. Yet, I must clarify in no uncertain terms that it still does not make me eligible to comment on this genre or its evolution. As I continue with the journey, I, however, thought of sharing some facts with my readers. These are no analysis or insight, but plain “facts”.
- Odia travel literature, without stretching its definition, started in the early days of modern Odia literature, with both Vyasakavi Fakir Mohan Senapati and Kavivara Radhanath Ray having tried their hand in this genre. Fakir Mohan wrote a book called Waltiar Darshan and while Radhanath wrote Bhramanakarira Patra.
- It was Shashibhushan Ray, son of Radhanath, who actually started a definite genre, having written multiple books on his travel experience within and outside Odisha. Many say his Dakshinatya Bhramana was a trendsetter.
- Most Odia writers of repute have tried their hand in travel literature. The list includes Surendra Mohanty, Kunja Bihari Dash, Golak Bihari Dhal, Mayadhar Mansingh, Chittaranjan Das, Radhanath Rath, Manoj Das, Krushna Prasad Mishra, Bibhuti Patnaik, Sitakanta Mohapatra, Prativa Ray and Susmita Bagchi.
- Many professionals in other fields who have traveled outside for professional work have also tried to add to the the genre by narrating their experience. Such luminaries include Gokulanand Mohapattra (scientist), Biju Patnaik (industrialist and chief minister), Akshaya Mohanty (composer and singer), Dinanath Pathy (Artist) and Baidyanath Mishra (economist)
- Many of the works are not strictly travel experiences but the overall experience of the writer staying at a place for a fairly long period.
In addition, here are some of the numbers that are derived from the list.
Period of Publication: Except for the 70s, there has been a fairly uniform spread of new travel books. But that means their share as a percentage of total books published may have gone down.
Top Areas: Most of the travel books are on the author’s experience in one or more foreign countries. Out of 148 books for which this information is available, 97 are about experiences in a foreign country, 43 are about experience in Indian locations outside Odisha and nine are about places within Odisha.
Top Destinations: The United States of America, not so surprisingly, tops the destination list. Here is how destinations stack up.
*Europe does not include UK and USSR/Russia. (A book may contain description of multiple locations)
Top Publishers: And here is how the list of top publishers looks like.
The idea here is not to reduce a genre of literature to a few quantitative charts. This exercise is aimed at highlighting this comparatively lesser celebrated branch of Odia literature before an audience that enjoys Odia books but may not have the wherewithal, time or energy to research into different aspects. In short, people belonging to my own tribe.
The work is still in progress. I welcome comments, suggestions and ideas.
13 responses to “Odia Travel Literature: A Few Basic Facts”
I remember to have read a book by Sriharsha Mishra of Prajatantra visiting England which had impressed much when in school. [TNM55]
Was it Pashima Diganta, by any chance?
Dura Diganta, perhaps. [TNM55]
Or, may be you are right. [TNM55]
He has written one called Paschima Diganta, published by Friends Publishers. I am not too sure about this. There’s a book called Dura Diganta by Dr Jagannath Mohanty published by the same publishers
It’s Paschima Diganta where Kuldip Nayar among others is also his co-traveller. [TNM55]
This is a good attempt. You may include Mr Chittaranjan Das. I have also written 3 travelogues on USA (1997), Sweden ( 2001) and China ( 2003). The titles of these books are PRATHAM PRABAS, DUI DIGANTA and CHIHNA ACHIHNA CHIN. The last one has given me tremendous satisfaction. Nishant-a journal published by Dr Sangram Jena from Cuttack has brought out a special issue on travelogues on Asian countries. At one point of time Odias were going to Burma, Srilanka and other Asian countries. You may refer to that too.
Thanks for your comment. Yes, I have included all your books (published by Bharat Bharti, if I am not mistaken) and nine books of Mr Chittaranjan Das.
Great work. Congratulations.
Very interesting analysis indeed. I am a Bengali Travel writer, editor of a Bengali Travel e-Magazine and researcher doing my research on travel out of love and interest in travelling and travel literature both. I am more interested in early works of travel writings, say, 18th, 19th & early 20th, so that it can bring before us some pages of unknown history. Now I am eager to know not only the Bengali travel literature but the wide range of travel writings in different languages all over India. In that sense if you are interested, please communicate with me through my mail. Thank you.
Thanks. Well, Ramayana, Mahabharata, Odyssey all have significant elements of travel writing, looking at it from a narrative point of view.
I have since compiled a list of close to 250 travel books in Odia and have done similar analysis. Will publish that soon
Hi sir, this Supriya Sahoo Behera, a PhD. research scholar. I am working on modern Odia travel writings. Therefore, I would like to get some relevant materials like: secondary research on internet including library searches, articles/research papers/proceedings of some seminars (as written in your blog post). Could you help me access those materials (if you have any); especially those materials where anything is written about the Odia travel writings. Please reply. Kindly give your contact details. Thank you.
Very good website, thank you.
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